The US Internal Revenue Service IRS ruling Notice  defines any virtual currency, cryptocurrency and digital currency as property; gains and losses are taxable within standard property policies. On 20 March , the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network issued a guidance to clarify how the US Bank Secrecy Act applied to persons creating, exchanging and transmitting virtual currencies. In July , the New York State Department of Financial Services proposed the most comprehensive regulation of virtual currencies to date commonly referred to as a BitLicense.
Unlike the US federal regulators it has gathered input from bitcoin supporters and the financial industry through public hearings and a comment period until October 21, , to customize the rules. The proposal, per NY DFS press release "… sought to strike an appropriate balance that helps protect consumers and root out illegal activity". In February the ECB concluded "Virtual currency schemes, such as Bitcoin, are not full forms of money as usually defined in economic literature, nor are virtual currencies money or currency from a legal perspective.
Nevertheless, Virtual currency may substitute [for] banknotes and coins, scriptural money and e-money in certain payment situations". Virtual currencies are defined as "a digital representation of value that is not issued or guaranteed by a central bank or a public authority, is not necessarily attached to a legally established currency and does not possess a legal status of currency or money, but is accepted by natural or legal persons as a means of exchange and which can be transferred, stored and traded electronically".
The fact that European Union lawmakers regard Bitcoin as the archetypal example of virtual currencies and that Bitcoin therefore fulfills all elements of the legal definition can serve as an anchor point for interpretation. Basically, the definition consists of six elements:  . The authors of the legal definition under EU law primarily had blockchain technology in mind — and Bitcoin as an archetypal form.
On the contrary, the legal definition is strikingly technology neutral. In a CNN interview, the financial crime expert Veit Buetterlin explained that the raise of the cryptocurrency market opened creative channels for terror groups to finance themselves. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Type of digital currency.
See also: Token money. For fictional currencies used within games, such as Monopoly money, see Virtual economy. Not to be confused with Cryptocurrency. Main article: Virtual economy. See also: Legality of bitcoin by country and United States virtual currency law. Numismatics portal. Frankfurt am Main: European Central Bank. ISBN Archived PDF from the original on European Banking Authority. Retrieved 14 January Financial Crimes Enforcement Network.
Archived from the original on 19 March Retrieved 29 May Congressional Hearing. Internet Archive. Retrieved 27 May Does the latest digital currency have staying power? Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on Government Accountability Office May Report to the Committee on Finance, U. Code of Federal Regulations. Fact sheet. March Retrieved 25 April Does that kill it as a currency?
The Guardian. Retrieved 30 May New York Magazine. The Economist. Retrieved 8 August Retrieved 1 February International Business Times. Bank of England. October 17, Retrieved May 30, US International Revenue Service irs. Archived from the original on 14 December Retrieved 13 October NY Times.
Retrieved 3 October February Retrieved 21 July Retrieved How do I claim my free bitcoin? Is Coinbase legitimate? Before you sign up: The downsides of Coinbase More information. What is cryptocurrency? Cryptocurrency exchanges.
Cryptocurrency wallets. Popular cryptocurrencies. How To Buy. A-Z list of exchanges. A-Z list of altcoins. A-Z list of wallets. Coinbase coupon codes April Andrew Munro. Free bitcoin? Learn more about bitcoin. Learn more about Ethereum. Learn more about Litecoin. Andrew Munro. Was this content helpful to you?
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